If you’ve ever visited Georgia, you’ve probably noticed the many different species of birds that call the state home. From Treecreepers to Nuthatches, you’ll learn about Georgia’s endemic species. You’ll also learn about the Eastern Phoebe, a beautiful, solitary bird that makes Georgia its home. Here are some of the most common birds you can spot in the state:
The Brown-headed Nuthatch is a non-migratory species that lives in pine forests in Georgia. It is a very social bird and often spends time with members of its family, helping with nest building, territory defense, and feeding nestlings. The two-syllable squeak that this bird makes is reminiscent of a rubber ducky. These birds are not migratory, but they do require large pine trees to live in. The habitat they prefer is a mixture of pine forests and hardwoods, which are threatened by urbanization.
The White-breasted Nuthatch is also an excellent choice for bird feeders. They eat mealworms and other insects. These creatures are not fancy birds and will happily eat them if placed in a shallow feeder or a platform feeder. A feeder with mealworms is the perfect option for this small bird. If you’re interested in seeing nuthatches in your yard, be sure to visit this species’ nesting area.
If you’d like to see more of this species in Georgia, look for the White-breasted Nuthatch. This bird is often seen on backyard bird feeders. Its long, pointy bill, and no neck make it an attractive choice for backyard birders. The males of this species have black caps on their heads, while the females have lighter gray crowns. A good spot for these beautiful birds is near the top of a nest.
The Eurasian treecreeper is a common resident of woodlands throughout the Northern Hemisphere and sub-Saharan Africa. Their long, thin, and down-curved bills are used to probe the bark of trees and other plants for insects. The tail feathers are stiff, and the birds have strong claws. They are classified as Least Concern. Treecreepers breed between March and July.
Like other woodpeckers, treecreepers are characterized by their chisel-like beaks, stiff tails, and long tongues. Some species have two or three toes on the front, while others have all four toes forward. These birds tap their beaks on tree trunks to attract insects, and a few species visit birdfeeders. The Indian Spotted Treecreeper is the smallest of the three.
The Painted Bunting sings a beautiful song in Georgia. Its song resembles that of the American Robin. Male Painted Buntings have bright red backs and blue heads and belly. Female Painted Buntings have a yellow body with greenish spots on the back. It is often seen in backyards. These birds prefer black-oil sunflower seeds. They can be found throughout Georgia.
The striped red cheeks of the male and black-backed back of the female give this woodpecker away as a breeding pair. The call of these woodpeckers is a distinctive one and they are known as nocturnal pest deterrents. The striped red head and large white patch on the wing undersides make them distinct from other species. In Georgia, the Pileated Woodpecker is the largest woodpecker. These birds are found throughout the state.
While they are not as common as their downy cousin, this woodpecker can still be seen in the same areas where their downy cousins live, including suburban parks and cemeteries. You might even see this woodpecker visiting suet feeders in suburban backyards. These woodpeckers are non-migratory and reside mostly in southern and central Georgia. These birds will occasionally visit northern Georgia if they find food in the area.
While there are 8 species of woodpeckers in Georgia, the Red-headed Woodpecker is one of the more common. With a shorter bill, the Downy Woodpecker is relatively small compared to the other species. They have a predominantly black back with white streaks and spots and a distinctive red head, making them easy to recognize. A great way to identify this species is to look for the distinctive red spot on the back of its head.
Despite their name, Eastern Phoebes are hardly recognizable by most people. These small, solitary birds are brownish gray in color with an off-white underbelly. They have a short, pointed beak and weigh 0.6 to 0.7 ounces. Eastern phoebes spend little time with their mates, as they prefer to stay on the same branch while hunting. They are also very nocturnal, returning to the same nesting tree to nest.
Nesting is the primary activity of Eastern Phoebes in Georgia. They use a nest constructed of mud and lining it with animal hair. They will incubate their eggs for 16 days, and the young leave the nest after that period is complete. Eastern Phoebes will often nest inside caves or other semi-rural structures. The female is the main caretaker of the nest, feeding both young.
Nesting is common in Georgia, and nests of Eastern Phoebes are often associated with limestone cliffs. One such nest, in Dripping Springs Canyon, was found under a massive overhanging ledge. The nest consists of mud mixed with dry grasses. The Eastern Phoebe usually lays 1 to 4 eggs in a nest. It can be either upright on a flat surface or adherent to another nest.
Northern Rough-winged Swallow
The northern rough-winged swallow is a small migratory bird. Like its southern cousin, it has six recognized subspecies, though a seventh race has been proposed and is thought to be more similar to the former. In most regions, the northern rough-winged swallow is seasonal, leaving the area in mid to late-fall. It may be found in any part of the country, but its range in Georgia is most extensive.
The Northern Rough-winged Swallow can reach up to five years of age. Its large wings are very suited to flying, and it often molts its feathers during the flight process. The replacement of feathers takes 100 days. The longest known specimen of the species was five years and eleven months old, and was a male. This bird’s habitat is primarily marshes and man-made quarries.
During the summer months, the Northern Rough-winged Swallow nests in Goizueta Gardens. This large songbird often feeds its chicks on caterpillars, and its loud wheep call attracts many other bird species. Its nests are in eroding banks and crevices. In fact, it has been known to nest on a building.
The Eastern Towhee is a songbird native to the Southeastern United States. The eastern subspecies of the towhee breed in the southern part of Manitoba, extreme southern Quebec, and northern Minnesota. They also breed in central New Hampshire and southern Michigan. During the winter, the species migrates from the southern U.S. and Canada to central and southeastern Texas. The song of an Eastern towhee can be easily identified.
Fire and habitat disturbances may affect the towhee’s distribution. In the southeastern United States, fires typically occur every four to 10 years in areas with high towhee densities. During the summer, fires tend to be particularly severe, resulting in larger fires and a greater chance of towhee survival. Fires are also a threat to the towhee, as they are most commonly encountered in early and middle successional stands.
A strikingly colored sparrow, the Eastern Towhee is a beautiful sight to see in the woods. This large sparrow has striking black and reddish brown plumage. Its call is a signal that it is nearby. However, this species is usually hidden by tall grasses and shrubs. As far as feeding is concerned, the Eastern Towhee is an excellent choice for backyard birdwatching.
The Brown Thrasher is a beautiful and unique bird with striking features and a varied vocal repertoire. The name of this bird comes from the threshing motion it performs when it hunts for food by swooping its tail, similar to a farmer doing the same job. Its sweeping motion stirs up soil and searches for food in bushes, trees, and shrubs. The Brown Thrasher of Georgia is the state bird of Georgia.
The state bird of Georgia, the Brown Thrasher is a migratory songbird that lives in the eastern and central U.S. and southeastern Canada during the winter. During the summer, they migrate to areas with warmer weather. These birds can be difficult to identify, as they have brown wings, long legs, and bright yellow eyes. This beautiful songbird is the state bird of Georgia. Fortunately, it is not endangered but is facing many threats, including climate change and urbanization.
The Brown Thrasher of Georgia is a beautiful songbird with a vocal repertoire of more than 1,000 types. In 1935, the Garden Clubs of Georgia requested that the species be designated the state bird, and it was finally voted in 1970. The Brown Thrasher of Georgia is one of North America’s most impressive songbirds. Its rounded, long bill and sharp yellow eyes are striking and distinctive. Its songs have a richer, fuller quality than the mockingbird, and are more varied than their cousins.