This article will provide a general overview of the birds of North Macedonia. You’ll learn about the 13 subspecies of the Threskiornithidae and the Accipitridae families, and you’ll learn about conservation efforts to boost the population of imperial eagles and kingfishers. Then, you’ll learn about the local flora and fauna and how to enjoy the unique and colorful local culture.
13 subspecies of Threskiornithidae
There are at least thirteen species of Threskiornithidai, all of which occur in North Macedonia. Although this number is small, the diversity of Threskiornithidae in North Macedonia is noteworthy. Kurochkin noted a number of differences among the subspecies and described thirteen distinct species in the region.
The Palaeotididae and Geranoididae are both elongated, with a large tarsometatarsus, a pronounced extensor sulcus along the dorsal surface of the tarsometatarsus, and a rounded trochlea on the pedal digit IV. Geranoidids are not migratory, but are resident in North Macedonia and Greece.
13 subspecies of Accipitridae
The family Accipitridae contains 13 subspecies of vultures in North Macedonia. These birds are nocturnal and are members of the large raptor order Gyps. They are a medium-sized, solitary bird of prey with large eyes and strong, powerful talons. They are solitary and are migratory, living in forests and shrublands throughout North Macedonia.
The subspecies A. henstii and A. melanoleucus belong to the same phylogenetic group. These two species are monophyletic, but their separate evolutions occurred over much longer periods of time. Although their phylogenetic positions are not yet clear, they are both derived from the same ancestor, A. henstii.
Conservation efforts to increase population of Imperial Eagles
There are many challenges for imperial eagles in their natural habitat. Their breeding success and survival rates are low and they can only successfully raise a small number of young. However, recent conservation efforts are aimed at reviving the eagle population in the Balkans. A recent study estimated that 80% of the population of imperial eagles is in Bulgaria.
In the past, the population of imperial eagles in North Macedonia declined largely due to nesting habitat loss, unintentional poisoning from wolf baits, and intentional killings. However, conservation efforts to increase imperial eagles’ population have led to a significant recovery. The project also aims to protect nesting habitats, reduce human disturbance during breeding season, and collect data on the population’s size and breeding success to advocate for improved conservation policies.
The eastern imperial eagle has a similar appearance. It is a highly territorial species that will defend its nest. Female imperial eagles are more aggressive than males. They also protect their nesting territories from other eagle species, making it the only imperial eagle species in North Macedonia with unusual nest visitation patterns. While it is not known why the imperial eagles prefer open habitats, their presence in North Macedonia is an important factor for the survival of these eagles.
The conservation effort to increase the population of imperial eagles in North Macedonia is focused on the conservation of nesting sites. The conservation project aims to insulate dangerous 22 kV power lines, restore nesting habitat, and protect breeding pairs. In addition to increasing breeding success, the project also aims to study migration routes and wintering grounds of juveniles.
Conservation efforts to increase population of Kingfishers
The aim of this assessment was to evaluate the impact of USAID’s program on biodiversity and identify areas where conservation efforts might be more effective. This study also identifies opportunities for eco-tourism, especially in coastal regions. Based on the assessment findings, the team will propose conservation actions to implement in the targeted areas. The recommendations will be incorporated into the bio-diversity section of USAID’s Macedonia Strategy.
The sub-continental region of Macedonia is characterized by its large range of climates, which is between 600 and 1,200 m. It is divided into sub-humid and sub-alpine regions, and comprises two belts of mixed beech and fir forests. The sub-alpine region of the country is spread out across high mountains, with the highest peaks exceeding 2,200 m.
Lake Ohrid has been subject to severe changes in recent years. More than half of the lake’s surface area is bordered by Albania. This makes management of the lake a difficult task, but efforts are under way to manage it sustainably. Macedonia and Greece have signed an agreement to establish a trilateral transboundary protected area in the lake. All three governments have vowed to protect and develop the lake and preserve its biodiversity.
Sustainable land management is critical for biodiversity conservation. In Macedonia, over 90 percent of the country’s forests are classified as economic. The New Forest Law should reclassify these forests as non-economic. Furthermore, timber harvesting is well below sustainable levels. As part of the country’s integration process into the European Union, the New Forest Law is essential for the conservation of biodiversity and forests.
Threats to wildlife poisoning in North Macedonia
The threats to wildlife poisoning in North Macedonia include various species of snakes and frogs. Three types of venomous snakes are found in this region, including the Montpellier and European cat snakes, which are endemic to the Mediterranean and Caucasus regions. Human impact on the ecosystem is the major threat to wildlife in North Macedonia. Agricultural chemicals are affecting the habitat of some species, such as the Egyptian vulture.
The country has a vast and varied wildlife population, including endemic species. The lynx, for example, is very rare and only occurs in the mountains of northwest Macedonia. Many other endemic species are found here, including deer. Other animals, including the common buzzard and chamois, live in the region’s mountains and forests. Other animals include European pine voles, 32 species of reptiles, and over 300 species of birds.
The project will support local and national capacity building to combat the threats posed by wildlife poisoning in North Macedonia. The BalkanDetox LIFE project will fund education and awareness-raising activities in the region and will also develop national anti-poison Roadmaps. It is funded by the European Union’s LIFE Programme and the MAVA Foundation. Despite the challenges, the project will help prevent the spread of wildlife poisoning.
A project called BalkanDetox LIFE aims to combat wildlife poisoning in the Balkans by utilizing GPS tracking technology. Conservationists will be notified of any problems by tracking vultures through GPS tags. The GPS data will help conservationists save the birds and trace the culprits. A successful investigation could lead to prosecutions of poachers. This would be a significant step in combating wildlife poisoning.