Birds of Nicaragua provides comprehensive text descriptions and illustrations of the country’s birdlife. It also includes color-coded range maps based on years of field research. This book also includes a checklist for birdwatchers, a visual guide to vultures in flight, and a quick-find index. For the bird-watcher who loves the outdoors, Birds of Nicaragua is essential. It will help you identify every bird you see while birdwatching in Nicaragua.
The Anhinga is a species of bird that lives in the freshwater habitats of the Papaturro River in Nicaragua. The species is also known as snake-birds or gannets because of its long, slender neck, erectile crest on the nape of its neck, larger bill, and pale plumage. In addition to their large bills, anhingas have webbed feet and short legs that are placed far back on their bodies. When they are not diving, the birds spread their wings and rest.
Anhingas are slow-moving fish, but they also eat aquatic insects, cray fish, leeches, shrimp, and tadpoles. Because they are slow-moving and unable to swim rapidly, they feed on a variety of food sources, including fish, amphibians, and reptile eggs. They feed mainly on fish, although they have also been recorded as eating frog eggs and tadpoles.
The Anhinga is also known as the snakebird and swims with its head under the water. This allows it to catch prey with its sharp beak, impaling them before bringing them up to the surface for digestion. The Anhingas nest in sticks, and they have also been known to use the nests of egrets and herons. You can even spot an anhinga in a nearby lake, and it will probably make its way to your local park.
Olive warbler is a species of songbird native to southern Arizona, New Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. These birds are small in size and have small wings and tails. They typically breed in coniferous forests and are non-migratory, but may migrate short distances in the northern parts of their range. Its range is limited and this bird may be found only in particular areas.
The Olive Warbler’s range is limited to montane pine forests. It can be found from northern Nicaragua to southwestern Arizona, but most individuals live south of the border. While the Olive Warbler’s range is not changing as a result of climate change, it is predicted to move north during summer, away from its stronghold in far southeast Arizona. This is good news for the Olive Warbler.
The Olive warbler in Nicaragua is a small, common, and highly visible bird. They are easily spotted thanks to their distinctive black caps and bright yellow breasts. They live in dense forests and are often seen in dense flocks, particularly on hillsides. Their song is described as a distinct whistle, usually heard at midday and late morning. While males are active and social, females spend a lot of time in the open, feeding and foraging.
The Turquoise-browed Moatmot of Nicaragua is a strikingly beautiful bird. Compared to other species, this bird is often found in open habitats. Its turquoise-blue tail and superciliary feathers are conspicuous. Males use them to attract mates during courtship displays. This nocturnal species is found throughout Nicaragua, and its range extends from southern Costa Rica to northern Panama.
The Turquoise-browed Momot is Nicaragua’s national bird. In addition to being considered the country’s national bird, it is also the world’s most aesthetically pleasing parrot. Its varied habitats include tropical deciduous forests and gallery forests. However, it also lives in mangroves and in open areas. As a result, it is an important and beautiful part of the national ecosystem.
The Turquoise-browed Molet is found throughout Central and South America, including Costa Rica and the Yucatan Peninsula. This medium-sized bird has several names in its native regions. In Nicaragua, it is known as guardabarranco, while its Spanish-based name, Torogoz, means “little monkey.” Its name also refers to its size, with adults being around 60 grams and measuring 34 cm long.
The Family Charadriidae includes plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. These small to medium-sized birds have compact bodies, short, thick necks, and long, pointed wings. The family inhabits many types of open country around the world, including areas near bodies of water. Jacanas, a subgroup of Charadriidae, are easily identifiable by their enormous feet, which are covered with claws, and their moderately long legs.
Two members of this family are critically endangered and probably extinct. Both species are highly mobile and rely on the connectivity of wetland ecosystems. One species in particular is the Javanese lapwing, which lives in the South of Argentina and Chile. Although a relatively recent arrival, the species was once widely distributed and characterized by its unique coloration. Now, it is considered extinct. In the wild, this species has been in decline for over 100 years.
The hawks of Nicaragua have a range that includes the Caribbean and the Pacific oceans. While they live in arid regions, they are also a significant source of food for many species of birds. The leatherback, loggerhead, olive ridley, and Pacific green turtle all nest in this country. Though not often seen in the country, the animals are vulnerable and endangered due to various threats, including pollution, vessel strikes, and accidental catches.
The family Accipitridae includes a variety of birds from around the world. Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long pointed wings, tiny feet and soft plumage that allows them to blend in with their surroundings. Swifts, a subfamily of nightjars, spend the majority of their time flying and have swept-back wings. There are eight species of Swifts in Nicaragua, and 98 species worldwide.
This family of birds is richly varied, including small-bodied Pearl Kites, 85-gram Little Sparrowhawks, and large, 150-kilogram Cinereous Vultures. They each have their own morphology depending on their diet, with the Pearl Kite being the smallest. In addition to small birds, there are large eagles and vultures that have a 300-metre wingspan. In New Zealand, the Haast’s Eagle was extinct, but the largest female weighed between 15 and 16 kg.
Most accipitrid species are active hunters, and many of them hunt their prey. Once caught, their talons rip open the prey, and the hooked bill pulls it apart. The raptor then consumes the meat. Although they are predators, most species of accipitrids will take just about any kind of prey. Harriers and buteonine hawks tend to target small mammals, while snakes and fish are the preferred prey of eagles.
The family Tyrannidae includes more than 400 species of small birds native to North America, South America, and tropical Africa. They inhabit all types of habitat, from semi-open grasslands to tropical forests. The birds of Nicaragua, including the Mosquerito, cimerillos, pitajos, and viuditas, are highly endemic to the country. Although they are not threatened, they are declining in some parts of the country, such as on the western coast of the country. Loss of their tropical wintering habitat, primarily due to deforestation, may also threaten their populations.
The tyrannids live in Nicaragua, Central America, and South America. They resemble Old World flycatchers but have a broader bill and lack the sophisticated vocal capabilities of songbirds. They are also plain-coloured, rather than colourful and ornamented. The size of a Tyrannid varies from six to sixteen inches (14 to 36 cm) when it includes the tail. However, the larger species are much more elusive.
In addition to the typical owls, there are other species of nocturnal birds. The Stercorariidae family, for example, includes ibises and spoonbills. These birds, like hawks, are often found in dense forests. Their long, pointed wings and short bills with a wide gape are adaptations for aerial feeding. These birds are also long-distance migrants.
The Rallidae are a large family of small to medium-sized birds. They include rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules, and are associated with wetlands. They are shy and weak fliers, and live in forests and swamps. They are also part of the small grebe-like family, the Heliornithidae.
Because of the wide geographic range of this family, intermediate specimens occur in Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, and the Yucatan states of southwestern Mexico. The distribution of this species is not well-established, but it does indicate that it is part of the Central American component. The type specimen of FMNH 30363 was collected in 1907.
There are two subspecies of the species. Aramides latens and Aramides plumbeicollis were described by Bangs and Penard in 1918. These subspecies are found in southern Costa Rica, Panama, and much of South America east of the Andes. The two subspecies of Aramides cajaneus are very similar. However, Aramides cajaneus latens has darker underparts and hindneck.